emergency lighting

Emergency Lighting Solutions

Through surveys, lighting design, supply and installation we have your emergency lighting needs covered. Explore our range of self-contained emergency lighting products and power units covering single phase compact units to larger scale three phase units fully compliant to EN 50171.

Inception to Completion and Handover

Llumarlite provides business a complete service that delivers the best emergency lighting solution for your needs that is in full compliance with BS 5266.

Our emergency lighting experts work with you through the complete process; by understanding the needs of your business along with detailed site surveys, we guide you through the lighting scheme design phase before delivering the final installation with our project management team and engineers.

Overview to Emergency Lighting Regulations

Welcome, we are here to support your understanding including benefit attributed to the awareness that both “The Building Regulations approved document B” and “Regulatory Reform Fire Safety Order” list the need for compliance to BS 5266  & EN 1838.  The following items are a first step introduction into how you may achieve suitable compliance.
Free Guide to Emergency Lighting
Covering standards and legislation (BS5266/EN1838), risks to responsibility, this overview also covers system documentation and test records, plus a completion certificate template.
Download Guide

Lux levels

BS 5266 sets out minimum lux levels for open area (anti panic), escape routes and locations of safety devices. There are also recommended lux levels for high-risk areas for example factory floors, areas with dangerous machinery and hazardous working environments.      

The current emergency lux levels are going through a review process which will most likely see the minimum levels increase for both BS 4266 and EN 1838 

The following images and information shows the different lux levels requirements.
Open area
floor plan showing open plan lighting for emergency lighting
  • Open Area (anti panic) Lighting needs to meet 0.5 lux minimum.  Future revision will request 1 lux minimum.
  • The core area excludes the 0.5m perimeter of the area.
  • The shadowing effects of movable objects in the core area are excluded.
Escape route
floor plan showing escape route lighting
  • Escape Route Lighting needs to meet 1 Lux minimum and focus attention to achieve luminaires at change of direction, intersections, changes in level and specific points of emphasis for evacuation.
Safety devices
close up view on emergency  safety devices
  • Lighting at fire safety devices needs to be 5 lux minimum.
  • The luminaires are required to provide illumination on the floor of the routes and directly projected for the safety equipment. Dialux or Relux design context is required for all of the emergency lighting process.
It is important to note that these are the minimum lighting levels required by the standards. In some cases, higher lighting levels may be necessary depending on the specific application and the level of difficulty of the task being performed in the area.
Examples of the application
Low Difficulty
5 Lux
  • Identifying clear signs and equipment, exit signs, fire alarm and refuge call points
  • Panic bolts and manual control of exit doors
  • The perimeter of swimming pools
Medium Difficulty
15 Lux
  • Reading Ariel 10pt print and LCD screens (not back lit)
  • Fire alarm control Panels and Diagrams
  • First aid rooms, Kitchens
  • Plant rooms and operating switches
  • Reception areas for communications.
High Difficulty
50 lux
  • Medical centre minor operations
  • Dentists operating chair
Outside lighting after an exit 
Lighting is required outside and near exits covering the route to a place of safety.  Emergency lighting should also be provided if the escape route passes a hazard before reaching an ultimate place of safety. 
Failure of emergency lighting luminaire
The risks of occupants being in total darkness in the event of failure of individual emergency lighting luminaires should be compensated for by ensuring that illumination from at least two luminaires are visible in each room or zone of the escape route or protected rooms.
Cabling requirement 
Central power supply Fire Protected cabling for centrally supplied luminaires. 
  • Must be fire resistant cable and metal clipped
  • Joints must be the same fire resistant as the cable 
  • Joints must be labelled – an example of this is the ICEL verification sticker showing four columns with letters and numbers referenced
  • A protective device (MCB/Fuse) is needed for every up to maximum of 20 luminaires
  • The circuits can be spurred
  • The maximum cable voltage drop should be no more than 4%
floor plan showing cabling for emergency lighting
Cabling requirements
Central power supply FP cabling for centrally supplied luminaires.

Emergency Exit Signage

Signage systems
The current emergency exit sign system that should be used is the ISO 3864 7010 format showing a running person silhouetted within a door and a directional arrow. The arrow should be pointing up on a sign placed above a door and when the sign is directing to a door. 

This system supersedes the Signs Directive and BS 5499 formats, although both are still able to be used. The Signs Directive format separates the running person, arrow and door. The interim standard BS 5499 shows supplementary text followed by running person silhouetted within a door and a directional arrow. 

While the three signs are all legally compliant, sites should aim to use only one signage system style throughout their premisses.
Signage location
Signs need to be located at all emergency exits, along escape routes and anywhere that the route may be in doubt. Where direct sight of a sign is not possible a directional sign or series of signs must be used. There should be no ambiguity as to which direction the escape route follows.

Signs should be illuminated to EN 1838/BS 5266-7. Internally illuminated exit signs must meet 2cd/m2 projection from the green light; in the next revision of BS 5266 this is likely to be increased to 8cd/m2  
Painted signs
While it is acceptable to use painted signs illuminated from a remote emergency light provided it is within 2 metres it is difficult to prove that the adequate values of illumination have been achieved and particular care must be taken that they will be adequately visible in an emergency. BS 5266 requests near to within 2 meters 5 lux projection to these sticker devices and so again this needs to be verified for the projection using DIALUX or RELUX document design detail.
Signage systems currently in use
exit sign in BS 5499 style
BS 5499
exit sign in signs directive style
Signs Directive
exit sign in ISO 3864 / ISO 7010 style
ISO 3864 / ISO 7010

System Documentation Guide

The enforcing authority will look for evidence that systems have been designed, installed are being maintained correctly to minimise the risks too occupants in the event of a supply failure or fire.
Enforcing authority
The enforcing authority will look for evidence that systems have been designed, installed are being maintained correctly to minimise the risks too occupants in the event of a supply failure or fire.
BS 5266-1 recommends that this is achieved by documentation on the installed system supported by a logbook certificate to show that it operated correctly when tested.
Engineers inspection
If the original documentation is not available a substitute record can be provided by a competent engineers inspection.
This is not as complete as records produced correctly at installation but it will check the most important aspects of the emergency lighting system.

BS-5266 Emergency Lighting Completion Certificate

Does your emergency lighting system comply with current legislation, and can you prove it? The following questions form part of the Emergency lighting completion certificate.

Do you know the answers for your system?

Are plans of the system available, and correct?
The plans should show the location and details of the luminaires and other emergency lighting equipment?
Is a completion certificate available with photometric design data? Is a test log book available and are the entries up to date?
Does the installation conform to the good practice defined in BS 7671?
Do the luminaires conform to BS EN60598-2-22 if it is not marked?
If it is not marked it is not compliant and judgement on its suitability should be made.
If a central power supply unit is used, does it conform to BS EN50171?
If it is not marked it is not compliant and judgement on its suitability should be made.
If an automatic test system is installed, does it conform to BS EN62034?
For centrally powered systems, is the wiring fire-resistant?
Are there luminaires sited at the “points of emphasis”?

The key to compliance. Documentation.

The completion and test log referenced H,I,K,L & M from BS 5266 part 1 2016.  We are keen to assist with this so please download and complete the unlocked word version.  If no existing documents are available for your site, then K document is acceptable as an overview and ability to verify deviations with all involved parties.
Ian Watts
Emergency Lighting Specialist
07436 407001EmailLinkedIn
Ian Watts, Business Development Manager, Llumarlite, Portrait
Peter Atkins
Emergency Lighting Sales
01296 436666EmailLinkedIn
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